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Traditional and new varieties of cotton (part 1)

23.10.2020

Like many plants, there are different varieties or types of cotton plant. These varieties can be both traditional and new. In this article, we note some varieties of cotton and their characteristics.

AzNIXI-195 Variety

This cotton variety was established in 1998 by the Azerbaijan Scientific-Research Cotton Institute. This variety belongs to the genus G. hirsutum L. As for the shape, the handle is compact and pyramidal. The stem of this variety, which is 90-100 cm high, is anthocyanin-stained, weakly hairy and resistant to sleep. Fruit branches of this variety belong to type I-II branching. It contains 1-2 monopodial branches. The leaves of AzNIXI-195 variety are dark green, medium-sized and consist of 3-5 slices. The flower is medium in size and yellowish cream in color. The pollen that will be on this variety is yellow. The shape of the cone is ovate, large and weakly starred. The tip is blunt. This variety, which has a gray color, weighs 122 grams per 1,000 pieces. AzNIXI-195 variety is also resistant to wilt disease. In addition to fast ripening, the growing season is 124 days.

Indicators:

  • The potential productivity of the variety is 45-50 s / ha;
  • The weight of raw cotton from one cocoon is 6.2 grams;
  • The length of the fiber in flight is 35 mm, the fiber yield is 35.6 percent, and the fiber yield is 11.3 s / ha.
  • Technological quality of fiber:
  • The breaking load of the fiber is 4.9 kg (breaking force);
  • Linear fullness is 6000 mtex (fiber thinness is expressed in tex, tex = m / q);
  • Relative breaking length 29.4 g / tex;
  • Staple length is 34/35 mm.

Ganja-2 Variety

Ganja-2 variety was created at the Azerbaijan Scientific-Research Cotton Institute. The zoning of this variety dates back to 2002. This variety also belongs to the genus G. hirsutum L. The handle, in turn, is compact and pyramidal in shape. Its height is 100-120 cm. The body is less hairy, ribbed and strong. The branching of fruit branches belongs to the type I-II branching. This variety has 1-2 monopodial branches. The leaves are 3-5 slices, sparsely hairy, medium-sized and light green. The color of the flower is light yellow, medium size. The cones of this variety are large, oval in shape, smooth in surface and dark green in color. The nose of this variety is dull and the asterisk is weak. The weight of 1000 rows of the variety is 115-120 grams. This variety is also relatively resistant to wilt disease. Ganja-2 variety with a vegetation period of 130 days belongs to the group of fast-growing varieties.

Indicators:

  • Potential productivity of the variety is 50-55 s / ha;
  • The weight of raw cotton from one cocoon is 6.6 grams;
  • The length of the fiber in flight is 36.1 mm, fiber yield is 37.7 percent, fiber yield is 11.4 s / ha.
  • Technological quality of fiber:
  • The breaking load of the fiber is 5 kg;
  • Linear fullness is 5930 mtex;
  • The relative breaking length is 29.4 g / tex;
  • Staple length is 34/35 mm.

Ganja-110 Variety

This variety of cotton was regionalized in 2009. The height of Ganja-110 variety is 90-110 cm. This variety is also fast-growing. The handle is compact and pyramidal in shape. The body of this variety, which has 1 monopidial branch, is pale, weakly hairy, green and resistant to dormancy. The leaves of Ganja-110 variety are medium large and consist of 3-5 slices. The shape of the leaves is heart-shaped and the color is finger green. The flower is medium large and cream-yellow in color. The pollen of the flower is yellow. The inflorescence is 9-11 medium-sized, toothed and covers 2/3 of the cone. The cones of this variety are large ovate, star-shaped, smooth, with brown spots and green. The size of the seeds is medium large and the weight of 1000 seeds is 115-120 grams. The seeds are dark green, ovoid and moderately hairy. The fiber length of this variety is 36.1 mm. The weight of one pot is known as 6.2 grams.

30-38 Sort

This variety was created in 1958 in an experimental field. The creation of 30-38 varieties was carried out by the Azerbaijan Scientific-Research Cotton Institute. This variety is actually a cross between two new cotton varieties and a hybrid offspring. The weight of raw cotton from one cotton in this variety is 6.3 grams. The stalk of this cotton variety is compact. Branching corresponds to type I-II. The dense and rigid body creates resistance to sleep. The height of the arm is 90-120 cm.

Other features:

- Vegetation period 128 days;
- Fiber consumption 38.9 percent;
- Fiber length 32.1 mm;
- Fiber strength 5.45 grams;
- Fiber weakness 5300 mtex;
- Fracture length 26.6 kg / tex. 
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