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Traditional and new varieties of cotton (part 2)

13.11.2020

In the first part of the article on traditional and new varieties of cotton, we told you about AzNIXI-195, Ganja-2, Ganja-110, and 30-38 varieties. In this article we present you the continuation of information about traditional and new varieties. In this article we will talk about Mugan-395, Agdash-3, Marash and Antep varieties.

Muğan-395 Sort

Mugan-395 variety of cotton was selected by the Azerbaijan Scientific-Research Cotton Institute from a hybrid material. It has been regionalized since 1990. The stem of this variety is compact and pyramidal in shape. The height of this cotton is 100-110 cm, the body is solid, less hairy and does not lie on the ground. When the first sympodial branches are formed, the height falls on the 5th and 6th joints of the trunk. The size of the branches of Mugan-395 variety is medium, 3-5 slices and light yellow. The flowers are medium-sized and light yellow. The cones of this variety are round, ovoid, large and starless. The seeds are medium in size and slightly hairy. The weight of 1000 seeds of this variety is 120-122 grams. The weight of cotton from 1 cone is 6-6.5 grams. The strength of the cone is 4.7 kg, the fineness is 5800-5850 mtex. The relative breaking length is 27.5 gg / tex. This variety is also wilt resistant.

Other features:

  • The vegetation period is 128-130 days. It ripens 8-10 days faster than C-4727 and therefore resembles 30-38 cotton;
  • Average productivity is 44-45 s / ha;
  • The fiber length is 34-34.5 mm and the fiber yield is 37-38%.

Aghdash-3 Variety

Agdash-3 variety was regionalized in our country in 1983. The height of the arm of this variety is 90-95 cm. The shape of the arm is pyramidal. The main body is not earthy, medium-haired and reddish-brown. The sympodial type of the branches belongs to type II-III. The first fruit branch appears in the 5th and 6th joints of the main body. The leaves of this variety are weak and consist of 3-5 slices. The size of the leaves is medium. The inflorescences of Aghdash-3 variety have 13-15 teeth and are long. The cones of this cotton are large and slightly oval. The weight of 1000 seeds of cotton is 120-125 grams. The weight of raw cotton obtained from one cone of this variety is 5.6-6.5 grams. Not resistant to wilt disease. During the first stage of development, the disease is more likely to occur.

Other features:

  • Lifalty is light brown;
  • Vegetation period is 130-135 days;
  • Productivity is 25-30 s / ha;
  • The fiber is type IV and is 33-33.5 mm long;
  • The strength of the fiber is 4.8 gg, the fineness is 5500-5600 mtex and the breaking length is 26-27 gg / tex.

Marash Sortu

Marash cotton was imported from the Republic of Turkey and regionalized in Azerbaijan. In 2001-2003, the variety was tested at a test station in Salyan. This cotton variety is medium grown. The vegetation period of Marash variety is 120 days. The height of this variety, which has a compact and conical handle, is 95-100 cm. The body is weakly swayed, resistant to bending and strong. The sympodial branches of this variety are type I. Monopodial branches are 1-2. The leaves of this variety are heart-shaped and have a large stem. The cones are oval, large, green and have 4 slices. The raw cotton from the cone weighs 7 grams. The fiber type is partially classified as type V. According to technological indicators, it belongs to type IV. This disease-resistant and drought-resistant variety requires little water.

Other features:

  • The average productivity obtained as a result of the test is 33.3 s / ha;
  • Fiber yield is 39.3%;
  • The yield is 13 s / ha;
  • The staple length of the fiber is 35-366 mm and the strength is 5.8 kg;
  • The breaking length of the fiber is 28.7 km, and the meter number is 5618 metks.

Antep Sortu

Antep variety is also imported from the Republic of Turkey as Marash variety. It was tested at the Salyan variety testing center in 2001-2003. Like the Marash variety, the Antep variety is medium-grown. The vegetation period is 123 days. The height of Antep variety with compact and dense leaves is 95-100 cm. Its shape resembles a pyramid. The body part of the Antep variety is prone to sleep and is green. There are 3 sliced ​​bar branches and 5 sliced ​​tall branches of Antep variety with small leaves. The cones of this variety are 3-slice, ovoid and smooth. The weight of raw cotton from one cone is 7 grams. The seeds are ovate like cones, but large. The weight of 1000 pieces is 115 grams. The fiber type of this variety is partially close to type V. According to technological indicators, it belongs to type IV. It is resistant to diseases, especially homozygous and autumn frosts. The demand for water is low.

Other features:

  • Productivity is 32 s / ha;
  • Fiber yield is 38%, and pulp yield is 12.2 s / ha;
  • The staple length of the fiber is 35-36 mm, the strength is 5 kg and the breaking length is 28.3 km;
  • The meter number is 5625 mtex.